- Naturalism as a pure form was pioneered by Emile Zola, who imagined theatre as a "slice of life" in which romantic and sentimental elements, as well as the well-made play structure, would give way to a scientific examination of unmediated reality. Russian playwright Maxim Gorky's The Lower Depths (1902) is recognized as the most enduring example of this manner of pushing realism to extremes along with a focus on sordid environments where the many factors influencing behaviors in the human organism could best be controlled.In American theatre, the attention to mundane details figured prominently in David Belasco's Broadway productions, as in a restaurant scene with actual coffee brewing and pancakes being made. While American audiences have always been most comfortable with literal realism on the stage, naturalism did not mesh as well with American optimism. However, there have been important exceptions. Naturalistic elements inform Eugene O'Neill's early sea-faring plays. Elmer Rice's Pulitzer PRizE-winning Street Scene (1929) depicts life in a New York tenement. Sidney Kingsley's* Dead End* (1935) probably represents the apogee of American naturalism before the infamous broadcasting of the Loud family's daily life in the 1970s and the subsequent flood of reality television* and Internet sites.
The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater. James Fisher.
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Naturalism — • Philosophical tendency that consists essentially in looking upon nature as the one original and fundamental source of all that exists, and in attempting to explain everything in terms of nature. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.… … Catholic encyclopedia
naturalism — NATURALÍSM s.n. 1. Curent sau tendinţă în artă şi literatură, care se caracterizează prin observarea riguroasă a faptelor din realitatea obiectivă, prin redarea lor fidelă, prin preferinţa pentru aspectele urâte, vulgare ale naturii omeneşti etc … Dicționar Român
NATURALISM — Naturalism (shizen shugi) is a 19th century European literary movement echoed in Meiji Japan. Related to realism, naturalism attempted to explain characters’ actions through scientific means. French author Emile Zola’s works spurred such… … Japanese literature and theater
Naturalism — Nat u*ral*ism, n. [Cf. F. naturalisme.] 1. A state of nature; conformity to nature. [1913 Webster] 2. (Metaph.) The doctrine of those who deny a supernatural agency in the miracles and revelations recorded in the Bible, and in spiritual… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
naturalism — (n.) 1630s, action based on natural instincts, from NATURAL (Cf. natural) + ISM (Cf. ism). In philosophy, as a view of the world and humanity s relationship to it, from 1750. As a tendency in art and literature, from 1850 … Etymology dictionary
naturalism — ► NOUN ▪ an artistic or literary movement or style based on the highly detailed and unidealized depiction of daily life … English terms dictionary
naturalism — [nach′ər əl iz΄əm, nach′rə liz΄əm] n. 1. action or thought based on natural desires or instincts 2. Literature Art etc. a) faithful adherence to nature; realism; specif., the principles and methods of a group of 19th cent. writers, including… … English World dictionary
naturalism — /nach euhr euh liz euhm, nach reuh /, n. 1. Literature. a. a manner or technique of treating subject matter that presents, through volume of detail, a deterministic view of human life and actions. b. a deterministic theory of writing in which it… … Universalium
Naturalism — Contents 1 In the arts 2 In philosophy and science 3 Other … Wikipedia
Naturalism — The Naturalist strain of theater production and play writing in Germany was essentially a reaction to well made play conventions and a call for a more authentic environment on stage, as the term artistic came to mean unnatural. German… … Historical dictionary of German Theatre